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Master the ISTQB ATM Exam: Essential Study Tips and Strategies

Questions 1

Consider a defect report and assume that a part of its lifecycle includes the following states:

New: Is the initial state

WorkinG. Means that the developers are addressing the defect in order to produce a fix for the defect Clarification: Means that the developers need more information from the tester to address the defect and produce a fix for the defect and the tester is working to provide this information to the developers Verification: Means that a fix for the defect has been produced and the tester is running the adequate tests to verify whether the fix solves the defect

CloseD. is the final state

Which of the following answers represents an invalid sequence of states that can’t lead the bug report to the “Closed” state?

K2 1 credit

Options:

A.

New, Working, Verification, Working, Clarification, Working, Verification, Closed

B.

New, Working, Clarification, Working, Verification, Closed

C.

New, Working, Verification, Working, Clarification, Working, Closed

D.

New, Working, Verification, Closed

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Questions 2

During the system testing phase a tester from your test team observes a failure in the system under test and he/she decides to create an incident report. The incident report is currently in a “new” state, indicating it needs to be investigated.

Which THREE of the following information items can’t yet be present in the incident report?

K3 2 credits (2 credits out of 3 credits correct, 1 credit point)

Options:

A.

The type of defect that caused the failure

B.

The actual and the expected result highlighting the failure

C.

The lifecycle phase in which the defect has been introduced

D.

What really caused the failure (actual cause)

E.

Steps to reproduce the failure, including screenshots, database dumps and logs where applicable

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Questions 3

An agile development team decides to hire a tester who has always workeD.

- in independent test teams, reporting the problems found in a defect tracking system

- in safety-critical projects, with a stronger focus on the quality of the product than on time and budget.

This agile team is focused on short-term goals to get the product released on time and within budget.

Which of the following answers would you expect to be most likely true in this scenario?

K2 1 credit

Options:

A.

Agile teams like the presence of a tester in their teams and the tester will be able to adapt to the new context without any issue

B.

The developers will immediately follow the guidelines described by the tester

C.

The tester can continue to report the problems found in a defect tracking system and be more focused on the quality than on time and budget constraints

D.

The tester’s mission could be to verify adherence to requirements, instead of reporting formally the problems in a defect tracking system

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Questions 4

Consider the following list of statements about audits and management reviews:

I. Audits are usually more effective than management reviews at finding defects

II. Audits and management reviews have the same main goals, the only difference is related to the roles and level of formality

III. A typical outcome of an audit includes observations and recommendations, corrective actions and a pass/fail assessment

IV. An audit is not the appropriate mechanism to use at the code review in order to detect defects prior to dynamic testing

Which of the following statements is true?

K2 1 credit

Options:

A.

I. and III. are true; II. and IV. are false;

B.

II. and III are true; I. and IV. are false;

C.

III. and IV. are true; I and II are false;

D.

I, III and IV are true; II. is false;

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Questions 5

Which of the following factors could negatively influence a review?

K2 1 credit

Options:

A.

Include people with the adequate level of knowledge, both technical and procedural

B.

Include people who are detail-oriented and scrupulous at finding issues

C.

Include as many people as possible in order to have more viewpoints about possible problems on the item under review

D.

Include people able to contribute to a clear, thoughtful, constructive and objective discussion

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Questions 6

You are the Test Manager of a project that adopts a V-model with four formal levels of testinG. unit, integration, system and acceptance testing.

On this project reviews have been conducted for each development phase prior to testing, which is to say that reviews of requirements, functional specification, high-level design, low-level design and code have been performed prior to testing.

Assume that no requirements defects have been reported after the release of the product.

Which TWO of the following metrics do you need in order to evaluate the requirements reviews in terms of phase containment effectiveness?

K3 2 credits

Options:

A.

Number of defects found during the requirements review

B.

Total number of defects attributable to requirements found during unit, integration, system and acceptance testing

C.

Total number of defects found during functional specification review, high-level design review, low-level design review, code review, unit testing, integration testing, system testing and acceptance testing

D.

Time to conduct the requirements review

E.

Total number of defects attributable to requirements, found during functional specification review, high-level design review, low-level design review, code review, unit testing, integration testing, system testing and acceptance testing

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Questions 7

Which of the following would you expect to be most likely an example of a demotivating factor for testers?

K2 1 credit

Options:

A.

The management asks the testers to be kept informed about the intensity, quality and results of testing

B.

The testers’ recommendations to improve the system or its testability are adopted by the development team

C.

The same regressions tests are manually executed by the same testers, for every product release, without regression test tools

D.

The testers are assessed on whether and how often they detect important and critical failures

E.

Test quality is measured by counting the number of customer/user reported problems.

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Questions 8

Assume you are managing the system testing execution phase of a project.

The system test execution period for that project is scheduled for eighteen weeks and the release date is scheduled at the end of system testing.

During the sixth week of system test execution, at the staff meeting, the project manager informs you that the project deadlines are changed and the release date that is only three weeks ahead.

This new release will not allow the completion of the system tests. Suppose also that you have followed a risk-driven test approach for this project.

Which of the following statements represents the worst way to lead your test team in the next three weeks?

K2 1 credit

Options:

A.

Neglect your management activities and work side-by-side with your test team executing tests

B.

Considering the executed tests, you should reduce the test coverage back on the risk analysis and adjust downward the priority of the associated risk items

C.

Convince all the people of your test team that each of them is an important and needed member, and that their contribution is fundamental to the success of the team

D.

Favor and encourage a proactive attitude where people ask for new tasks as soon as they finish their current tasks

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Questions 9

Which of the following information would you expect to be the most useful to perform a defect clustering analysis?

K2 1 credit

Options:

A.

The trend in the lag time from defect reporting to resolution

B.

The defect component information

C.

The lifecycle phase in which the defect has been introduced

D.

The defect removal efficiency information

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Questions 10

Which of the following statements about the STEP test process improvement model is true?

K2 1 credit

Options:

A.

In the STEP model, tests validate the requirements and use cases when they are developed

B.

The STEP model stresses defect detection and demonstration of capability, whereas the defect prevention is a secondary potential goal of testing

C.

The STEP model assures that the system requirements specification and the test design specification processes don't overlap

D.

In the STEP model, testware design occurs after coding

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